Medium-sized (25m) tree with smooth white bark shed in large, irregular flakes leaving grey, white and red‑brown patches, though scaly at the base.
Juvenile leaves are blue-green and orb-like, opposite for a few pairs then alternate. Adult leaves are blue green to green, alternate, 6-20cm long, pointed with moderately dense oil glands. 7–15 pointed buds, to 1.9cm long produce white flowers in October–December. Fruit globular on longish stems.
Distribution: from Victoria, mainly north of the Great Dividing Range, to the tablelands of NSW and far south-eastern Queensland. Frequently found on lower slopes and better soils where it is a common paddock tree and planted as a street tree, see particularly Black Mountain Peninsula.
Red Gum has been used for fencing, fuel, gum and honey.